Manifesto - A Vision of Europe

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I am delighted to see that, since I came to Bologna in 1992 to open the first “A Vision of Europe” exhibition, that vision has spread a little wider.

I am particularly encouraged that this second exhibition and publication bring together a larger number, and a higher quality, of contribution than even the first impressive exhibition.

Since 1992 we have also seen a similar exhibition and conference in the United States on “The Art of Building Cities”, which was further testimony to that genuinely international nature of this movement back to sanity in planning and architecture.

In London my Institute of Architecture has opened its doors, and my Urban Design Task Force has carried out projects in four European cities. The first stage of The Duchy of Cornwall's development at Poundbury, planned with the priceless help of that visionary architect, Léon Krier, is now complete and proving a considerable success.
There is, however, a long way to go before we can be confident that the way of looking at towns and cities represented by this exhibition and publication is accepted as normal.

Recent attempts to reopen the debate on Paternoster Square in London, which featured in the first Vision of Europe exhibition, show once again how deeply embedded in the psyches of the commercial and construction worlds is the notion of futurism, and how alien the idea of cultural continuity appears to be.
The restoration of Central and Eastern Europe to their rightful and historical place in the heart of European culture has reinforced the importance and enormity of the task still in front of us. Many of their cities are racked with decay. Most are ringed with soulles concrete wastelands. The pressures of development on these cities are bound to increase over the next decade, with the accompanying danger that the recent errors of the West will be endlessly repeated. A great deal of Western advice and expertise has found its way East over the last six years, not all of it by any means guaranteed to improve the quality of life. My own efforts in Central and Eastern Europe, particularly through my business leaders Forum, have been directed toward keeping civic and community values to the fore. But there remains so much to do, which is why it is important that exhibitions and publications such as those emanating from Bologna continue to uphold an alternative vision of what enlightened city authorities can achieve, given the right advice and real vision, in contrast to that which puts commercial considerations before public and civic ones; which revels in new technology and new materials for their own sake, rather than for the support they can give to community life, and which embraces a fractured and alienating view of planning.

When the next “Vision of Europe” Number 3 takes place in a few years time, I hope that by then we shall have taken these civilising ideals even futher and that the new Millennium will usher in a new Renaissance in the way our cities are viewed, and provide an opportunity for the vision we share to be realised.



- It is a non-profit cultural association established by the University of Bologna in 1992 in order to organize the BOLOGNA TRIENNALE of architecture and urbanism, which was inaugurated the 29th of September 1992 by H.R.H. The Prince of Wales in the Centre San Giorgio in Poggiale.

Professors and researchers from the University of Bologna as well as architects, art historians from all the European countries are members of the association.

After the first edition of the BOLOGNA TRIENNALE OF ARCHITECTURE AND URBANISM, dedicated to A Vision of Europe - which displayed more than 100 projects and built works by 105 architects from 18 European countries and the United States -, the A Vision of Europe association organized the LABORATORY FOR THE EUROPEAN CITY in collaboration with several European Institutions such as the French Institute of Architecture in Paris, the Bruxelles Foundation for Architecture, the San Sebastian University, etc;

The laboratory is a 3-weeks international design workshop which involves every year more than 30 young architects from different European countries who are assembled together in an European city where they elaborate projects for the urban re-birth and the re-vitalization of the urban environment (1993: Bologna; 1994: Paris; 1995: Bruxelles; 1996: Parma).

In 1992-94, the A Vision of Europe association organized several exhibitions on architecture and urbanism, such as:

- The Sustainable City, Bologne, March-April 1994;

- Garden-City Today, Bologne, March-April 1994;

- Villes d'Europe, Bologne, March-April 1994;

while the following meetings and workshops were held in collaboration with other international Institutions such as Institut Francais d'Architecture (IFA) Paris, The Prince of Wales's Institute of Architecture (POWIA) London, Kommunalverband Ruhrgebiet-IBA '99 , Essen, Escuela Tecnica Superior de Arquitectura , San Sebastian, University of Miami-School of Architecture:

- "Technopoles en Europe", Bologna March 1992;

- "Garden-City today", Bologna, May 1992;

-"Refondation de la ville", Bologna, May 1993;

- "Batir la Ville EuropŽenne", Parma, June 1993;

- "The Sustainable City", Viterbo, August 1993;

- "Classical City-Garden City", Bologna, March 1994.

- The second edition of the BOLOGNA TRIENNALE took place in March-May 1996 and focused on the theme of URBAN RENAISSANCE . The exhibition displayed 154 projects and realizations of European and American cities experiencing a new age of urban re-vitalization.

165 architects and town-planners were exhibited from all over the world, while about 300 people attended the three-days international conference on "The city of the third millennium".

After the Bologna Triennale, the URBAN RENAISSANCE exhibition started a tour through several European cities which includes Istanbul, San Sebastian, Oslo, Bruxelles, Berlin, Lisboa, etc.

The Istanbul exhibition has been organized as part of the 1996 United Nations HABITAT II - The City Summit.

The trilingual English/French/Italian catalogue of 350 pages fully in colors accompanies the exhibition with essays from American and European leading architects such as Maurice Culot, Leon Krier, David Watkin, Carroll William Westfall, etc.

- Among the books published by the A Vision of Europe association, one can notice the catalogues of the first and second editions of the BOLOGNA TRIENNALE (1992 - 1996) - with forewords by H.R.H. The Prince of Wales - the catalogue of the international exhibition on CITTA' GIARDINO/GARDEN CITIES (1994).

- The A Vision of Europe association publishes also A&C INTERNATIONAL, a magazine on architecture and urbanism devoted to the promotion of the art of building traditional cities and classical and vernacular architecture.

- the events organized by A Vision of Europe are supported by the European Union - Kaleidoscope Program (1993) and Raphael Program (1996-97).

Partecipanti - Participants

A.A.M., Jose' Manuel ABALOS, Elisa ABATI, Robert ADAM, ATELIER ATLANTE, Joseph ALTUNA, Harvor ARNDT, Sylvie ASSASSIN, Maxim ATAYANT, Michel AUTHIE, Atelier 55, José Franqueira BAGANHA, Ariel BALMASSIERE E ATAYANTS, Charles BARRETT, Alan BAXTER & Ass., Anthony BECHU, Roberto BEHAR, Tarak BEN MILED, Sefik BIRKYE, John BLATTEAU, Vincenzo BORASI, Charly BOVE', Antonio Maria BRAGA, Gianni BRAGHIERI, Marc BREITMAN, Nada BREITMAN, Antoine BRUGUEROLLE, Alessandro BUCCI, Ernesto BUCH, Paul DU MENIL DU BUISSON, Cesare MACCHI CASSIA, Mauricio CASTRO, Alberto CASTRO NUÑES, Javier CENICACELAYA, Rocco CEO, Piotr CHOYNOWSKI, C.H.K. Architects, David COLGAN, COOPER ROBERTSON & Partners,Vincent CORNU, Benoit CREPET, Hartmann COX, Maurice CULOT, Robert DAY, José Cornelio DA SILVA, Luis Alonso DE ARMINO, Robert DE GERNIER, Patrick DELAMOTTE, Adolfo DELL'ACQUA, Melissa DELVECCHIO, Franz DEMBLIN, Aldo DE MARCO, Benito DE SIVO, Victor DEUPI, Michael DWYER, Harry Jules DINGLE, Donatella DIOLAITI, DOVER, KOHL& PARTNERS, Andres DUANY, DUKE DE SEGORBE, Barthelemy DUMONS, Richard M.ECONOMAKIS, Elena ELLI, Jean-Pierre ERRATH, Stephen FALATKO, Dominique FOURNIER, Jean-Philippe GARRIC, Siddel GIBSON, Philippe GISCLARD, GLANVILLE EVERITT, Allan GREENBERG, HAMMOND BEEBY and BABKA, Trevor HARRIS, Clive HAWKINS, Denis HECTOR, Jorge HERNANDEZ, Bernard HUET, Maurizio IMBESI, Manuel IÑIGUEZ, Inaki ASPIAZU IZA, Catherine JOHNSON, KOHN-PEDERSEN & FOX, Vlastimil KOUBEK, Lèon KRIER, Rob KRIER, Christian LANGLOIS, François LEJEUNE, Jacques LECCIA, Charles LEGLER, Daniel LELUBRE, LENNERZ & COYLE, L.K.L. Arch.Ass., Michael LYKOUDIS, Joanna LOMBARD, Jean-Pierre MAJOT, David Thomas MAYERNIK, Sune MALMQUIST, Manuel MANZANO-MONIS, Manuel MANZANO MONIS Y MANCEBO, Paolo MARCONI, Luigi MARGANI, Olivier MOUTON, Anxton MARTINEZ SALAZAR, Ardia MARZETTI, Stephen MATTICK, Scott MERRILL HATCH & Ass., Bruno MINARDI, Jason MONTGOMERY, Ken MORGAN, Patrizia MORGERA, Michael MORRISSEY, Colum MULHERN, Valerie NEGRE, Thomas NOBLE, Liam O'CONNOR, David OLIVER,Warren ORBAUGH, Robert ORR & Ass., Jean Jacques ORY, Paloma PAJARES, Cristhian PARRA, PATZSCHKE-KLOTZ & Partners, Marie-Laure PETIT, Helmut Rudolf PEUKER, Elio PIRODDI, Jorge PLANAS, Elizabeth PLATER-ZYBERK, Demetri PORPHYRIOS Ass., Nathalie PRAT, Giancarlo PRIORI, Keith PROCTOR, Thomas Norman RAJKOVICH, Donald RATTNER, Anastasia REMUNDU,Jaquelin T.ROBERTSON, John ROBINS, Philippe ROTTHIER, Iñigo SALOÑA, Richard SAMMONS, Graham SAUNDERS, Roberto SCAINI, Massimo SCOLARI, Francisco Pico SILVESTRE, Pierre SICARD, John SIMPSON & Part., Thomas Gordon SMITH, Peter John SMITH, François SPOERRY, Lucien STEIL, Robert STERN, Daniel STAELENS, René SRATTON, Duncan STROIK, Baki SUKAN, Gabriele TAGLIAVENTI, Ivo TAGLIAVENTI, Quinlan TERRY, Jim TINSON, TRELLES Architects , Alberto USTÀRROZ, Marco VENTURA, Marc VADEMEULEBROEK, Charles VANDENHOVE & Ass., Adriana VERAS, Vicente Manuel VIDAL, Frank Fu-Jen YANG, Samir YOUNES.

I - 40123 BOLOGNA


FR - 75013 PARIS


Ivo Tagliaventi

Architectural, Urban Design Studio
at the Faculty of Engineering
University of Ferrara

Via Saragat 1- 44100 Ferrara - Italy

Donatella Diolaiti, Flavia Sangiorgi, Massimo Baraldi, Giovanni Bacci, Ciro Patricelli, Elena Elli


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